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# Physical Modelling in Geotechnics

DOI link for Physical Modelling in Geotechnics

Physical Modelling in Geotechnics book

# Physical Modelling in Geotechnics

DOI link for Physical Modelling in Geotechnics

Physical Modelling in Geotechnics book

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## ABSTRACT

**Physical Modelling in Geotechnics** collects more than 1500 pages of peer-reviewed papers written by researchers from over 30 countries, and presented at the 9th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics 2018 (City, University of London, UK 17-20 July 2018). The ICPMG series has grown such that two volumes of proceedings were required to publish all contributions. The books represent a substantial body of work in four years. **Physical Modelling in Geotechnics **contains 230 papers, including eight keynote and themed lectures representing the state-of-the-art in physical modelling research in aspects as diverse as fundamental modelling including sensors, imaging, modelling techniques and scaling, onshore and offshore foundations, dams and embankments, retaining walls and deep excavations, ground improvement and environmental engineering, tunnels and geohazards including significant contributions in the area of seismic engineering. ISSMGE TC104 have identified areas for special attention including education in physical modelling and the promotion of physical modelling to industry. With this in mind there is a special themed paper on education, focusing on both undergraduate and postgraduate teaching as well as practicing geotechnical engineers.

Physical modelling has entered a new era with the advent of exciting work on real time interfaces between physical and numerical modelling and the growth of facilities and expertise that enable development of so called ‘megafuges’ of 1000gtonne capacity or more; capable of modelling the largest and most complex of geotechnical challenges. **Physical Modelling in Geotechnics **will be of interest to professionals, engineers and academics interested or involved in geotechnics, geotechnical engineering and related areas.

The 9th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics was organised by the Multi Scale Geotechnical Engineering Research Centre at City, University of London under the auspices of Technical Committee 104 of the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE). City, University of London, are pleased to host the prestigious international conference for the first time having initiated and hosted the first regional conference, Eurofuge, ten years ago in 2008. Quadrennial regional conferences in both Europe and Asia are now well established events giving doctoral researchers, in particular, the opportunity to attend an international conference in this rapidly evolving specialist area.

This is volume 2 of a 2-volume set.

## TABLE OF CONTENTS

part 12|43 pages

Tunnel, shafts and pipelines

chapter |6 pages

#### Study of the effects of explosion on a buried tunnel through centrifuge model tests

chapter |6 pages

#### Uplift resistance of a buried pipeline in silty soil on slopes

chapter |6 pages

#### Modelling the excavation of elliptical shafts in the geotechnical centrifuge

chapter |5 pages

#### Shaking table test to evaluate the effects of earthquake on internal force of Tabriz subway tunnel (Line 2)

chapter |6 pages

#### Effect of pipe defect size and maximum particle size of bedding material on associated internal erosion

chapter |6 pages

#### Modelling cave mining in the geotechnical centrifuge

chapter |5 pages

#### Experimental modelling of infiltration of bentonite slurry in front of shield tunnel in saturated sand

part 13|50 pages

Imaging

chapter |6 pages

#### Flow visualisation in a geotechnical centrifuge under controlled seepage conditions

chapter |6 pages

#### A new procedure for tracking displacements of submerged sloping ground in centrifuge testing

chapter |6 pages

#### Identification of soil stress-strain response from full field displacement measurements in plane strain model tests

chapter |6 pages

#### Imaging of sand-pile interface submitted to a high number of loading cycles

chapter |6 pages

#### Image capture and motion tracking applications in geotechnical centrifuge modelling

chapter |5 pages

#### A study on performance of three-dimensional imaging system for physical models

chapter |6 pages

#### A two-dimensional laser-scanner system for geotechnical processes monitoring

part 14|63 pages

Seismic – dyna

chapter |6 pages

#### Dynamic behaviour of model pile in saturated sloping ground during shaking table tests

chapter |6 pages

#### Investigation on the aseismic performance of pile foundations in volcanic ash ground

chapter |6 pages

#### Effective parameters on the interaction between reverse fault rupture and shallow foundations: Centrifuge modelling

chapter |6 pages

#### Seismic amplification of clay ground and long-term consolidation after earthquake

chapter |6 pages

#### Evaluation of period-lengthening ratio (PLR) of single-degree-of-freedom structure via dynamic centrifuge tests

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge modelling of active seismic fault interaction with oil well casings

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge shaking table tests on composite caisson-piles foundation

chapter |6 pages

#### Dynamic behaviour of three-hinge-type precast arch culverts with various patterns of overburden in culvert longitudinal direction

chapter |7 pages

#### Dynamic centrifuge model tests on sliding base isolation systems leveraging buoyancy

chapter |5 pages

#### Centrifugal model tests on static and seismic stability of landfills with high water level

part 15|87 pages

Seismic – liquefaction

chapter |6 pages

#### Partial drainage during earthquake-induced liquefaction

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge modelling of site response and liquefaction using a 2D laminar box and biaxial dynamic base excitation

chapter |5 pages

#### Experimental simulation of the effect of preshaking on liquefaction of sandy soils

chapter |6 pages

#### Dynamic centrifuge testing to assess liquefaction potential

chapter |6 pages

#### Experimental and computational study on effects of permeability on liquefaction

chapter |7 pages

#### The importance of vertical accelerations in liquefied soils

chapter |6 pages

#### The effects of waveform of input motions on soil liquefaction by centrifuge modelling

chapter |6 pages

#### Experimental investigation of pore pressure and acceleration development in static liquefaction induced failures in submerged slopes

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge modelling of earthquake-induced liquefaction on footings built on improved ground

chapter |6 pages

#### Investigating the effect of layering on the formation of sand boils in 1 g shaking table tests

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge modelling of mitigation-soil-structure-interaction on layered liquefiable soil deposits with a silt cap

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge modelling of the effects of soil liquefiability on the seismic response of low-rise structures

chapter |5 pages

#### Liquefaction behaviour focusing on pore water inflow into unsaturated surface layer

part 16|50 pages

Dams and embankments

chapter |6 pages

#### Performance of single piles in riverbank clay slopes subject to repetitive tidal cycles

chapter |6 pages

#### Load transfer mechanism of reinforced piled embankments

chapter |6 pages

#### Experiments for a coarse sand barrier as a measure against backwards erosion piping

chapter |6 pages

#### Load transfer mechanism of piled embankments: Centrifuge tests versus analytical models

chapter |6 pages

#### Physical model testing to evaluate erosion quantity and pattern

chapter |6 pages

#### Physical modelling of large dams for seismic performance evaluation

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge model tests on levees subjected to flooding

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge model test of vacuum consolidation on soft clay combined with embankment loading

part 17|38 pages

Geohazards

chapter |6 pages

#### Effects of viscosity in granular flows simulated in a centrifugal acceleration field

chapter |6 pages

#### Using pipe deflection to detect sinkhole development

chapter |6 pages

#### Model tests to simulate formation and expansion of subsurface cavities

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge modelling of a pipeline subjected to soil mass movements

chapter |6 pages

#### Preliminary study of debris flow impact force on a circular pillar

part 18|44 pages

Geohazards

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge modelling of earth slopes subjected to change in water content

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge and numerical modelling of static liquefaction of fine sandy slopes

chapter |6 pages

#### Modelling of MSW landfill slope failure

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge model test on deformation and failure of slopes under wetting-drying cycles

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge model studies of the soil slope under freezing and thawing processes

chapter |6 pages

#### An experimental and numerical study of pipe behaviour in triggered sandy slope failures

part 19|128 pages

Ground improvement

chapter |6 pages

#### Investigation of nailed slope behaviour during excavation by Ng centrifuge physical model tests

chapter |6 pages

#### Relative contribution of drainage capacity of stone columns as a countermeasure against liquefaction

chapter |6 pages

#### Observed deformations in geosynthetic-reinforced granular soils subjected to voids

chapter |6 pages

#### Analytical design approach for the self-regulating interactive membrane foundation based on centrifuge-model tests and numerical simulations

chapter |6 pages

#### Earthquake-induced liquefaction mitigation under existing buildings using drains

chapter |6 pages

#### Deformation behaviour research of an artificial island by centrifuge modelling test

chapter |6 pages

#### Effect of lateral confining condition of behaviour of confined-reinforced earth

chapter |6 pages

#### An experimental study on the effects of enhanced drainage for liquefaction mitigation in dense urban environments

chapter |5 pages

#### Influence of tamper shape on dynamic compaction of granular soil

chapter |6 pages

#### Behaviour of geogrid reinforced soil walls with marginal backfills with and without chimney drain in a geotechnical centrifuge

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge model tests on effect of inclined foundation on stability of column type deep mixing improved ground

chapter |6 pages

#### Large-scale physical model GRS walls: Evaluation of the combined effects of facing stiffness and toe resistance on performance

chapter |5 pages

#### Deep vibration compaction of sand using mini vibrator

chapter |6 pages

#### Dynamic centrifuge tests on nailed slope with facing plates

chapter |6 pages

#### Influence of slope inclination on the performance of slopes with and without soil-nails subjected to seepage: A centrifuge study

chapter |6 pages

#### Performance of soil-nailed wall with three-dimensional geometry: Centrifuge study

chapter |6 pages

#### Behaviour of geogrid-reinforced aggregate layer overlaying poorly graded sand under cyclic loading

chapter |5 pages

#### Physical modelling of compaction grouting injection using a transparent soil

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge modelling of remediation of liquefaction-induced pipeline uplift using model root systems

chapter |6 pages

#### Comparative study of consolidation behaviour of differently-treated mature fine tailings specimens through centrifuge modelling

chapter |6 pages

#### Physical modelling and monitoring of the subgrade on weak foundation and its reinforcing with geosynthetics

part 20|43 pages

Shallow foundations

chapter |6 pages

#### Effect of spatial variability on the behaviour of shallow foundations: Centrifuge study

chapter |6 pages

#### 1g model tests of surface and embedded footings on unsaturated compacted sand

chapter |6 pages

#### Experimental study on the coupled effect of the vertical load and the horizontal load on the performance of piled beam-slab foundation

chapter |6 pages

#### Determining shallow foundation stiffness in sand from centrifuge modelling

chapter |6 pages

#### The effect of soil stiffness on the undrained bearing capacity of a footing on a layered clay deposit

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge investigation of the cyclic loading effect on the post-cyclic monotonic performance of a single-helix anchor in sand

chapter |5 pages

#### Bearing capacity of surface and embedded foundations on a slope: Centrifuge modelling

part 21|92 pages

Deep foundations

chapter |6 pages

#### Performance of piled raft with unequal pile lengths

chapter |5 pages

#### Pile response during liquefaction-induced lateral spreading: 1-g shake table tests with different ground inclination

chapter |6 pages

#### Effect of the installation methods of piles in cohesionless soil on their axial capacity

chapter |6 pages

#### Model testing of rotary jacked open ended tubular piles in saturated non-cohesive soil

chapter |6 pages

#### Model tests on soil displacement effects for differently shaped piles

chapter |6 pages

#### Comparison of seismic behaviour of pile foundations in two different soft clay profiles

chapter |6 pages

#### Issues with centrifuge modelling of energy piles in soft clays

chapter |6 pages

#### Centrifuge modelling of non-displacement piles on a thin bearing layer overlying a clay layer

chapter |6 pages

#### Rigid pile improvement under rigid slab or footing under cyclic loading

chapter |5 pages

#### Pull-out testing of steel reinforced earth systems: Modelling in view of soil dilation and boundary effects

chapter |6 pages

#### Pile jetting in plane strain: Small-scale modelling of monopiles

chapter |6 pages

#### Influence of geometry on the bearing capacity of sheet piled foundations

chapter |6 pages

#### Kinematic interaction of piles under seismic loading

chapter |5 pages

#### Behaviour of piled raft foundation systems in soft soil with consolidation process

chapter |6 pages

#### Displacement measurements of ground and piles in sand subjected to reverse faulting

part 22|62 pages

Walls and excavations